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Le rôle fondamental des cellules souches dans le corps

 

Définition d’une cellule souche.

Les cellules souches sont des cellules qui ont la capacité unique à se multiplier et à se transformer – se différencier- en d’autres types de cellules. Tous les autres types de cellules du corps sont des cellules dites somatiques et différenciées, car elles ont chacune un rôle défini et précis à jouer et ne peuvent pas se transformer. Quelques exemples, le rôle d’une cellule cardiaque est de se contracter. Le rôle d’une cellule pancréatique est de produire de l’insuline. Une cellule gustative identifie les saveurs présentes dans les aliments. Une cellule intestinale absorbe les nutriments pour que ceux-ci soient disponibles dans les tissus. Les cellules souches sont situées majoritairement dans la moelle osseuse et n’ont pas d’autre rôle que de se transformer en d’autres types de cellules.

Le rôle naturel des cellules souches.

Au début des années 2000, des chercheurs avaient observé que des cellules souches du sang avaient la capacité de migrer au niveau du cerveau et de devenir des cellules du cerveau (Mezey E. et al., 2000). À la même époque, des observations similaires émergeaient, révélant que des cellules souches du sang avaient aussi la capacité de migrer au niveau du cœur et de devenir des cellules cardiaques (Orlic D. et al., 2001) ou au niveau du foie pour devenir des cellules hépatiques (Jang Y.Y. et al., 2004). La science traditionnelle des cellules souches adultes admettait à l’époque que les cellules souches de la moelle osseuse avaient la capacité de se transformer en cellules du sang strictement, étant les précurseurs des globules rouges, des globules blancs et des plaquettes sanguines. L’idée communément admise était qu’elles n’avaient pas la capacité de se transformer en d’autres types cellulaires. Donc, ces observations étaient novatrices et en contradiction avec les connaissances de l’époque. Sur la base de ces données et d’autres données disponibles à l’époque, l’hypothèse publiée (Jensen G et Drapeau C, 2002) était que les cellules souches de la moelle osseuse pouvaient se transformer en pratiquement n’importe quelle cellule du corps et donc constituaient le système naturel de réparation du corps humain (figure 1). Cette hypothèse est devenue au fil des années, grâce à plusieurs centaines d’articles publiés soutenant fortement cette hypothèse, un fait établi (pour revue, Drapeau C., 2010 ; Drapeau C. et al., 2012).

Les cellules souches de la moelle osseuse peuvent se transformer en pratiquement n’importe quelle cellule du corps. Elles constituent le système naturel de réparation du corps humain.

Figure 1 : les cellules souches de la moelle osseuse peuvent se transformer en pratiquement n’importe quelle cellule du corps. Elles constituent le système naturel de réparation du corps humain.

Notre système naturel de réparation du corps : comment fonctionne-t-il ?

Chaque fois qu’une blessure ou une lésion au sein d’un tissu apparaît, celui-ci va libérer une première série de composés spécifiques, comme le G-CSF*. Ces molécules « signal » d’aide vont circuler migrer vers la moelle osseuse puis déclencher la libération de cellules souches de la moelle osseuse (figure 2). Durant les quelques jours qui suivent, une augmentation importante du nombre de cellules souches en circulation peut être observée. Ces cellules souches qui sont en circulation au niveau du sang ne savent pas quel est le tissu qui a fait appel à cette assistance (figure 2). Pour pouvoir identifier le tissu vers lequel elles doivent migrer, le tissu affecté, quelques jours après l’incident, va libérer une seconde génération de composés, comme le SDF-1**. Cette molécule de guidage va attirer et guider localement les cellules souches vers le tissu en besoin. Lorsqu’elles circulent dans les fins vaisseaux du tissu affecté, au contact de ces molécules de guidage, les cellules souches vont migrer dans le tissu affecté et au contact de débris cellulaires, elles vont se multiplier et se transformer en cellules du tissu local (figure 2). C’est par ce mécanisme que les cellules souches constituent le système de réparation naturel du corps humain (Drapeau C. et al., 2012).

Les cellules souches répondent ainsi aux 5 critères de définition d’un système. Un système du corps humain :

1. Est formé de tissus ou d’organes

2. Composé de cellules spécifiques

3. Qui agissent sur d’autres tissus et organes

4. Via une signalisation/un mécanisme d’action spécifique

5. En vue de favoriser un bon état de santé et la survie de l’organisme entier.

Le système naturel de réparation du corps humain est composé de cellules spécifiques, les cellules souches adultes, provenant majoritairement de la moelle osseuse, qui agissent sur d’autres tissus en étant mobilisées par des composés spécifiques (Leone et al., 2006) -, et en migrant à travers le tissu lésé, guidé par une seconde génération de composé spécifique (Swenson et al., 2008), puis en se multipliant et en se différenciant en tissu local. Ce mécanisme de réparation permet le renouvellement des tissus et organes du corps, en vue de maintenir la santé de l’organisme entier.*G-CSF : Granulocyte Colony-Stimulating Factor** SDF-1 : Stromal Cell-Derived Factor -1

Figure 2 : les différentes étapes permettant aux cellules souches de réparer les tissus en besoin. Suite à une blessure, le tissu lésé libère des composés déclenchant la libération des cellules souches de la moelle osseuse, qui vont circuler dans le sang pour y être distribuées au tissu en suivant des molécules de guidage produites par le tissu lésé. La cellule souche va migrer dans le tissu, se multiplier puis se différencier en tissu local.

Augmenter le nombre de cellules souches en circulation, une nouvelle approche thérapeutique.

L’aspect qui a été le plus étudié est le nombre de cellules souches en circulation. À blessure égale, les personnes présentant plus de cellules souches en circulation ont une meilleure capacité de réparation démontrée par exemple suite à un AVC ou une fréquence d’événements cardio-vasculaires plus faibles (Werner et al., 2005; Tsai et al., 2014). En effet, avoir plus de cellules souches en circulation signifie avoir plus de cellules souches disponibles pour la réparation des tissus.Donc suite à ces observations, le prélèvement de cellules souches d’un malade puis la réinjection de ces cellules ont démarré. La démarche a pour but d’augmenter le nombre de cellules souches en circulation. Après l’isolation des cellules souches de différentes sources, elles sont multipliées en laboratoire, puis réinjectées au patient. Une autre démarche plus physiologique consiste donc à augmenter la libération de nos propres cellules souches, nommée la mobilisation des cellules souches de la moelle osseuse. En augmentant le nombre de cellules souches en circulation, la capacité de ces différents tissus à se réparer est optimisée. L’évaluation de cette démarche a généré la publication de centaines d’articles scientifiques révélant le bénéfice d’augmenter le nombre de cellules souches en circulation dans le processus de réparation des tissus. Ces observations ont été réalisées sur une variété d’organes, comme par exemple le cœur (Leone et al., 2006 ; Orlic et al., 2001), ou le pancréas (Voltarelli et al., 2007); (revue Drapeau et al., 2012).

Les cellules souches sont responsables au quotidien du renouvellement des tissus.

À travers ces études, il est essentiel de noter cette observation. Le processus de réparation, c’est-à-dire celui décrit précédemment à savoir, un tissu affecté faisant appel à la libération de cellules souches qui sont ensuite guidées vers le tissu pour le réparer, ce phénomène se déroule tous les jours en quantité plus faible en l’absence de blessure, afin de renouveler les tissus. En effet, chaque organe et tissu se renouvelle à des vitesses différentes. Par exemple, l’intestin se renouvelle en 3-5 jours, le pancréas et le cœur en plusieurs années. Ainsi chaque jour, dû au vieillissement cellulaire et à de nombreux facteurs, des cellules abîmées, altérées ont besoin d’être remplacées par de nouvelles cellules. Ce renouvellement est également effectué par les cellules souches qui tous les jours sont libérées de la moelle osseuse et circulent dans le sang, migrant vers le tissu selon les besoins.

Vers une nouvelle définition du « maintien de la santé »

Cette nouvelle fonction des cellules souches génère ainsi une nouvelle définition du maintien en santé. Celle-ci serait en fait en partie un équilibre entre deux phénomènes qui se déroulent en continu au sein de notre organisme, la perte quotidienne de cellules d’un tissu, en parallèle de son renouvellement. Pour maintenir les tissus, le remplacement des cellules doit s’effectuer au même rythme que la perte cellulaire (figure 3 : cas 1). Si la perte cellulaire est plus rapide ou plus importante que le renouvellement des tissus, une dégénérescence du tissu et une perte progressive de fonction se mettent en place, conduisant à l’apparition de maladies (figure 3 : cas 2). Par exemple, une perte cellulaire au niveau du pancréas va progressivement conduire à une production d’insuline insuffisante ne permettant plus de réguler la glycémie, c’est-à-dire le taux de sucre dans le sang, conduisant à la l’apparition d’un diabète.=

StemEnhance Ultra de Cerule

StemEnhance Ultra de Cerule Ultra est composé de concentrés et d’extraits de «superaliments» naturels primitifs. Une combinaison unique des microalgues d’eau douce et macroalgues marines.  StemEnhance Ultra est le fruit d’années d’identification, de recherche, et d’extraction de composés grâce à l’utilisation de technologies exclusives et brevetées.

StemEnhance Ultra est composé de concentrés et d’extraits de «superaliments» naturels primitifs. Une combinaison unique des microalgues d’eau douce et macroalgues marines. StemEnhance Ultra est le fruit d’années d’identification, de recherche, et d’extraction de composés grâce à l’utilisation de technologies exclusives et brevetées. Le mélange de StemEnhance et de fucoÏdane offre une synergie unique qui est renforcée par Mesenkine™. Un extrait inédit de spiruline isolé grâce à notre procédé d’extraction breveté.StemEnhance Ultra est le résultat de plus de 15 ans de recherche et constitue le produit de bien-être le plus efficace et scientifiquement validé sur le marché aujourd’hui.

Quels sont les ingrédients dans StemEnhance Ultra?

►L’Aphanizomenon flos-aquae (AFA) est une algue bleu-vert qui pousse à l’état naturel dans le Lac Klamath dans le sud de l’Oregon. L’algue bleu-vert est la première source de vie sur terre et de ce fait symbolise la durabilité et la longévité. Elle apporte au corps une gamme complète de micronutriments et de composés nutraceutiques. Cerule utilise un extrait de la partie intracellulaire de l’AFA. C’est-à-dire par un procédé de centrifugation et de filtration, afin de produire le StemEnhance.

►L’Arthrospira platensis aussi connue sous le nom de spiruline, est tout comme l’AFA une algue bleu-vert. Elle apporte une gamme variée de micronutriments et de composés spécifiques dont un composé jaune à faible poids moléculaire. Des recherches en cours ont révélé que ce composé aiderait à mobiliser la source de bien-être.

►L’Undaria pinnatifida est connu en cuisine japonaise sous le nom de wakamé. L’Undaria pinnatifida est une algue brune communément appelée fougère de mer. Bien qu’elle pousse dans plusieurs régions du monde, le wakamé utilisé dans le StemEnhance Ultra provient des mers de Patagonie et de Tasmanie connues pour la pureté de leurs eaux. Cerule utilise un fucoÏdane purifié à plus de 85%.

CARACTÉRISTIQUES ET BÉNÉFICES

L’AFA est une algue bleue verte de la famille des cyanobactéries. Elle pousse à l’état naturel au sein du Lac Klamath dans le sud de l’Oregon. Au cœur d’une région volcanique et d’un parc naturel préservé. Le Lac Klamath constitue un écosystème unique riche en sédiments et minéraux, propice à la croissance de l’algue. Elle offre une gamme complète de macronutriments et micronutriments (Pietri A. M.,2011). En effet, elle est composée de plus de 50% de protéines, et d’environ 8% de fibres par exemple. Elle est riche également en micronutriments.

L’AFA est une algue bleue verte de la famille des cyanobactéries.  Elle pousse à l’état naturel au sein du Lac Klamath dans le sud de l’Oregon. Au cœur d’une région volcanique et d’un parc naturel préservé.  Le Lac Klamath constitue un écosystème unique riche en sédiments et minéraux, propice à la croissance de l’algue.  Elle offre une gamme complète de macronutriments et micronutriments (Pietri A. M.,2011).  En effet, elle est composée de plus de 50% de protéines, et d’environ 8% de fibres par exemple. Elle est riche également en micronutriments.
L’algue Klamath (AFA)

Elle est source de :

  1. 20 acides acides aminés dont 10 essentiels, caractérisé par un profil idéal étant donné les apports journaliers recommandés .
  2. 60 minéraux et oligoéléments, notamment elle se distingue par sa richesse en calcium (6mglg), et en fer (de 0,32mg/g) .
  3. 14 vitamines, dont les vitamines B1, B2 , B12 particulièrement.

Elle apporte également de multiples antioxydants tels que les caroténoides, le lycopène, et la chlorophylle et contient également de la PhenylEthylAmine (PEA). Cette molécule est naturellement produite par le corps en cas d’émotions positives. Enfin, le StemEnhance est cliniquement testé pour mobiliser votre source de blien-être (Jensen et al., 2007). Le mécanisme d’action de l’extrait enrichi spécifiquement en molécules actives à fait l’objet de plusieurs publications et brevets.

Le wakamé, Undaria pinnatifida, est une algue très populaire au Japon, en Chine et en Corée pour ses attraits culinaires et médicinaux. Cette algue brune se cueille en hiver et au printemps, et apprécie les eaux fraîches de l’océan Atlantique. Cette algue contient en grande quantité des acides gras tels que l’oméga-3 qui aide à promouvoir le bon cholestérol et la santé cardiovasculaire. On trouve également de la vitamine A, B1, B2, B3, B6, B12, C, du sodium, du fer, du calcium, de la thiamine, des protéines, des oligo-éléments (iode). Le wakamé est un puissant antioxydant grâce à la fucoxanthine qu’il contient. Il s’agit d’un pigment caroténoïde donnant au wakamé sa couleur brunâtre. Il contrôle également le processus de photosynthèse, transformant la lumière en énergie. Ces effets antioxydants en font l’allié de la lutte contre le cancer, la dégénérescence de la peau et des cheveux, et un atout pour la santé.

Le wakamé, Undaria pinnatifida, est une algue très populaire au Japon, en Chine et en Corée pour ses attraits culinaires et médicinaux.
Le wakamé

L’Adhrospira platensis aussi connue sous le nom de spiruline, appartient, tout comme I’AFA, à la catégorie des micro-algues bleues-vertes. Elle pousse dans différentes régions ensoleillées du monde comme les Etats-Unis, la Grèce, l’Espagne, le Japon et l’lnde (Karkos et al., 2011). Elle apporte une gamme variée de mâcro et micronutriments. Sa richesse nutritionnelle en protéines et vitamines est utilisée traditionnellement depuis plus de 10 ans en tant que supplémentation à travers le monde. EIle est également riche en certains acides gras polyinsaturés, et en antioxydants comme certains composés phénoliques (Finamore et al., 2017).La spiruline est traditionnellement reconnue pour son effet immunostimulant dù à la présence de plusieurs polysaccharides. Ces derniers stimulent certains types de cellules immunitaires, en particulier les macrophages et les cellules NK (Natural Killer), qui constituent la première ligne de défense du système immunitaire (Wu et al., 20’16). Un composé jaune à faible poids moléculaire nommé Mesenkine à été découvert et dont le procédé d’extraction et de fabrication à été breveté par Cerule. Les recherches en cours ont révélé que ce composé aiderait à mobiliser votre source de bien-être.

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Stem Cell Nutrition For Animals Stem Cell News Contact Us How Consuming AFA Super Blue Green Algae supports optimal wellbeing

 

Benefits of Consuming AFA Blue-Green Algae

Research shows consuming AFA supports the natural release of millions more of YOUR OWN adult stem cells. This happens within an hour of consuming two capsules of our product. These stem cells then become billions of young, healthy cells that renew, repair and rejuvenate the tissues in your body.

Super Blue-Green Algae is also known as Aphanizomenon Flos-Aquae, AFA for short. It is a primordial food that grows naturally in Klamath Lake, Oregon USA. Cerule LLC harvests it from the wild when it blooms each summer. https://youtu.be/_S08IruFv0o

People who consume AFA report many improvements to their health and wellbeing. The reasons for these improvements become clear when we know how our stem cells repair and renew us.

We Use and Recommend Cerule StemEnhance Ultra

StemEnhance® Ultra supports the body’s natural release of stem cells.*Cerule LLC concentrates and combines extracts from freshwater microalgae (AFA and Spirulina) and marine macroalgae (undaria pinnatifida). These are Nature’s most primitive superfoods and provide ultimate stem cell support.AFA Extract is called StemEnhance. It is blended with Fucoidan and Mesenkine™to create StemEnhance Ultra. Mesenkine supports the homing of stem cells by balancing key messengers involved in stem cell function.

AFA Contains Easy-to-Digest and Use Protein

Aphanizomenon Flos-aqua (AFA) blue-green algae contain mostly soft proteins and polysaccharides. These are easily digested by our intestinal bacteria that in turn feed our blood and cells. This “softness” makes AFA one of nature’s most digestible and usable protein foods. This “soft” characteristic is unusual for plant cells.

AFA Blue-green algae is a complete protein source containing approximately 60 percent protein. Eighteen amino acids (protein building blocks) are present in AFA algae.

The protein and amino acids in AFA are easily used glycoproteins and amino acid peptides. This means it takes less energy to digest and use algae protein rather than animal proteins.

Neurotransmitters for brain health can be produced from AFA protein easily and swiftly because it is easy to digest.

Our body uses protein to construct, maintain and repair every tissue in our bodies. Our bones, teeth, muscles, nerves, glands, heart, blood, liver, skin, hair are all made with proteins. Plant-based, complete protein sources are a critically important food for the future. This is exactly what AFA algae provides.

A lack of protein is mostly associated with muscular weakness slow healing and brain chemistry imbalances. 

AFA helps build the blood

AFA is loaded with chlorophyll. Chlorophyll helps build our blood. The pyrol ring in chlorophyll is identical to the pyrol ring found in haemoglobin. Chlorophyll fights leukaemia as well as certain forms of skin and liver cancer, according to published research. Additionally, chlorophyll helps to deodorise the bowels.

AFA supports the natural release of Bone Marrow Stem Cells

AFA contains an extraordinary concentration of the blue pigment phycocyanin. Phycocyanin helps the immune system by stimulating the production of more stem cells from the bone marrow.

Stem Cells can boost the Immune system.

Stem cells are the unspecialised form of all cells. They can become any cell in our body, including macrophages, B-cells, T-cells, NK cells, and other immune system cells.

AFA is rich in minerals essential to building healthy tissues

AFA is known to contain forty major and trace minerals. These are absorbed from nearly thirty feet of mineral sediment at the bottom of Klamath Lake.

Minerals are the atomic matrix of our bodies and are necessary to build every tissue including our bones, teeth, skin, hair, nails, internal organs, muscular system, immune system and nervous system.

Generally, the more processed our food is, the more mineral deficient it becomes. Weston Price’s work in Nutrition and Physical Degeneration demonstrates that the more one adopts a “civilized” diet, the more quickly mineral deficiency symptoms appear.

Mineral deficiencies are associated with every degenerative and chronic condition known to humankind. The key solution to mineral deficiencies appears to be including wild foods in our diet. AFA is a wild food.

Blue Green Algae is rich in B group vitamins

AFA is an excellent source of B vitamins including good amounts of vitamins B1, B2, B3, B5, B6, B9 and B12. B vitamins help fight stress by helping polysaccharides and other carbohydrates to more efficiently convert into glucose for energy, endurance, and stamina.

AFA is also an important source of vitamin C. It contains omega-3 fatty acids, including the long-chain omega-3 fatty acid known as docosahexaenoic acid (DHA). AFA also contains the phospholipid choline which supports the brain and nervous system.

Amino Acids in AFA Might Help Chelate toxic heavy metals

Benefits of Consuming AFA Blue-Green Algae

Some of the free amino acid peptides found in AFA may be responsible for helping to detoxify our bodies of heavy metals.

Dr. Gillian McKeith reports in her booklet, Miracle Superfood: Wild Blue-Green Algae, that in her clinical experience AFA algae is effective in chelating (removing) dangerous, toxic heavy metals such as cadmium, lead, and mercury.

She recommends consuming 6 to 10 grams to AFA blue-green algae daily for severe cases of heavy-metal toxicity.

Phycocyanin helps reduce inflammation and supports liver function

The antioxidant phycocyanin is a pigment that provides the intense blue colour in blue-green algae. Phycocyanin can constitute up to 15 percent of the dry weight of a blue-green algae harvest. This is approximately twice the concentration of the phycocyanin found in spirulina.

The rare, blue-coloured phycocyanin

  • helps inhibit the growth of certain cancer colonies,
  • reduces inflammation of the colitis,
  • fights chronic inflammation,
  • supports the liver, protects against free-radical damage,
  • improves the production of neurotransmitters, and,
  • aids production of rejuvenating stem cells.

Phycocyanin;

  • operates with our own internal pigment bilirubin to keep the liver functioning at optimal levels.
  • helps with the formation of neurotransmitters by acting to assist in the attachment of one amino acid to another.
  • inhibits the enzymes cyclooxygenase (COX-2) and lipoxygenase. COX-2 and lipoxygenase are enzymes associated with the production of inflammatory compounds.
  • slows or stops the production of inflammatory and pain-forming reactions in the body by blocking COX-2 and lipoxygenase.

AFA Blue-Green Algae is naturally high in mood enhancing Phenylethylamine (PEA) which also helps improve mental clarity

PEA is known as the Molecule of Love! It increases our ability to concentrate and stay alert. PEA is abundant in the brains of happy people.Elevated PEA levels occur when we are captivated by a good book, movie or project. this happens during those times we are so focused that we lose all track of time, food and the outside world.PEA is an adrenal and brain chemical naturally synthesized in our bodies from two amino acids: phenylalanine and tyrosine. AFA algae has concentrated levels of natural phenylethylamine (PEA). 

PEA: The Molecule of Love

PEA has also been dubbed the “Molecule of Love”. It helps to create feelings of attraction, excitement and euphoria. When we fall in love our PEA levels increase; we become peppy and full of optimism. The brain releases PEA when we are sexually aroused. PEA levels can peak during orgasm. When the brain is flooded with PEA the neurotransmitter dopamine is then blocked from being deactivated and dopamine levels rise. These elevated dopamine levels help increase mental concentration and a positive attitude. 

PEA also increases the effectiveness of another neurotransmitter, norepinephrine, which increases feelings of joy.

Pea and Aerobic exercise – the Runner’s High

Researchers found that aerobic exercise can elevate the body’s levels of PEA. PEA is part of the endorphin-induced “runner’s high” that enhances energy mood and attention.Researchers had twenty healthy young men run on a treadmill for 30 minutes. The average concentration of PEA in the participants’ urine increased by 77 percent.PEA is naturally abundant in cacao and blue-green algae (especially in blue phycocyanin). Blue-green algae works synergistically with cacao to enhance focus and attention. Together, they significantly elevate the presence of PEA in our brain. AFA and cacao keep our PEA levels high, no matter what is happening in our life. One study looking at blue-green algae as a brain food followed 109 students who were fed blue-green algae. The study found they had a significant improvement in the ability to focus, follow directions and concentrate. Also, the children experienced a reduction in argumentative, demanding and combative behavior. They had fewer symptoms of anxiety and depression. They became more socially adept and less withdrawn.

PEA consumption decreases symptoms of depression

Patients suffering depression or bipolar disorders have lower than normal levels of PEA, according to research.Drapeau, in Primordial Food, references a study that indicates oral doses of PEA at the rate of 10 mg per day decreased symptoms of depression in 60 percent of the patients tested. (*1)PEA did not cause the patients to gain weight, as most people do with antidepressants; instead, they actually lost weight.Whole AFA contains approximately 2 mg per gram of PEA. AFA concentrates are now available that contain 10mg of PEA per gram. PEA has no side effects, no chemical dependency issues and no tolerance limits over time. Doses may stay the same over long periods.(*1) Sustained antidepressant effect of PEA replacement. J Neuropsychiatry Clin Neurosci. 1996 Spring;8(2):168-71. Sabelli H1Fink PFawcett JTom C.

PEA may contribute to weight loss

PEA appears to inhibit appetite and helps people to lose weight. Researchers performed a double-blind, crossover study with human patients. Supplementing the diets of obese outpatients with 2.8 grams of blue-green algae, three times daily for four weeks resulted in a statistically significant reduction of body weight.

AFA is an Excellent Source of Iron for Vegetarians

AFA algae is exceptionally rich in bioavailable iron. When one switches to a vegetarian diet, the iron normally acquired from blood sources (meat) must be drawn from plants, which may be challenging to some individuals. This is where AFA algae can help. AFA is an exceptional source of iron, which works with AFA’s manganese, copper, B vitamins and vitamin C to fight anemia especially in vegetarians who are adapting to non-blood (nonheme) iron sources in plants.

DNA and RNA

DNA and RNA are raw genetic material we call nucleic acids. AFA algae contains approximately 4% DNA and RNA. These nucleotides have antimicrobial, antiviral and antifungal properties. Raw DNA and RNA from AFA algae can be stripped out of the algae by our digestive system. Our bodies use this raw DNA and RNA to assemble new, genetically healthy cells as well as to rejuvenate damaged cells and tissues.

AFA Blue Green Algae Supports Digestive Wellness

There are thousands of enzymes present in living and/or low temperature dried AFA algae. These enzymes help to assist our “enzyme cascade” which begins in digestion, continues through the assimilation of nutrients and ends in metabolism. The more enzymes we have in our diet, the easier time the body has with digestion and metabolism. Raw algae, honey and grasses (e.g. wheatgrass juice) are some of the richest sources of enzymes.

Beta-Carotene

AFA algae is extraordinarily rich in carotenoids such as beta-carotene. Research continues to demonstrate that the greater the beta-carotene content of one’s diet, the longer one lives. Research science has shown that beta-carotene activates the thymus glad and the immune system. Dr. Charles Simone, author of Cancer and Nutrition describes that beta-carotene blocks the process whereby healthy cells turn into cancerous cells.

Beta-carotene is one of the safest food nutrients and is nontoxic, even in megadoses. If one’s skin begins to turn orange from an extremely high intake of beta-carotene, this is still safe and is not a cause for alarm. It simply indicates that one lacks a liver enzyme that breaks down certain carotene pigments. Some people have this liver enzyme and some people do not have it. If one slows or stops a high intake of carotene, the orange skin color will eventually return to normal.

AFA Blue green Algae Supplement Supports the Immune System and Prevents or Reduces Inflammation

In Primordial Food, Drapeau cites research performed by a team of scientists affiliated with the University of Illinois. The team was composed of one board-certified forensic examiner and microbiologist, one surgeon, and three physicians. More than two hundred cases were reviewed in this study. The study concluded that AFA appears to be effective in treating various viral conditions, chronic fatigue, Attention Deficit Disorder (ADD), depression, inflammatory diseases and fibromyalgia. The study suggests that AFA acts on the immune and nervous systems and prevents inflammation.

Studies done on AFA have demonstrated that it stimulates the migration of stem cells from the bone marrow into the blood and brain (mainly due to the actions of the blue pigment phycocyanin), stimulates white blood cells, and inhibits COX-2 activity, preventing inflammation and improving nervous-system health, as well as one’s overall mood.

Drapeau also cites research indicating that AFA, when consumed daily for several weeks, helps move natural killer (NK) cells out of the blood and into the tissues to patrol for and destroy damaged and diseased cells. Although green tea and ginkgo biloba leaf impove the activity of NK cells, no other substance has been found that stimulates this patrolling work.

Anti-Viral Properties in Klamath Lake Blue Green Algae

Researchers have discovered that a blue-green algae protein reduces the ability of the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and Ebola virus. The antiviral protein, known as cyanovirin-N (CV-N) can extend the survival time of the Ebola-infected mice. There is currently no treatment for Ebola infection, which causes severe and often fatal hemorrhagic fever. “CV-N is extremely effective against a broad range of HIV strains” said Barry O’Keefe, PhD of NCI’s Centre for Cancer Research, one of the authors of the study. “It is the first molecule known to inhibit Ebola infection by interfering with the virus’ ability to enter cells”. CV-N attaches to a sugar molecule on the virus surface. This inhibits HIV and Ebola infection by physically blocking it from entering healthy cells.

Healthy, Vegetarian Omega-3 Fatty Acids found in AFA Support Immune Response and Calm Inflammation

AFA contains alpha-linolenic acid (ALA) and the long-chain omega-3 fatty acid known as docosahexanoic acid (DHA). Nearly 50% of the fat (oil) content of AFA is composed of these omega-3 essential fatty acids.

In general, most diets worldwide are deficient in omega-3 fatty acids and excessive in omega-6 fatty acids and rancid trans-fatty acids. An excess of omega-6 fatty acids and trans-fats leads to an inflammatory response in the body, which eventually develops into a contributing factor in cardiovascular disease, immunity challenges, neurological problems and skin disorders.

AFA, ALA and DHA

Omega-3 fatty acids such as ALA and DHA support immunity by helping to attract immune cells to the sites of injury, chronic pain and cellular damage while calming the inflammatory response. Humans manufacture only small amounts of DHA internally through the consumption of alpha-linolenic acid, an omega-3 fatty acid commonly found in hempseed, chia, flax, as well as other seeds. This amount of DHA is usually not enough to meet the demands of our nervous system, especially in a high-stress environment.

Supports Immune System

Omega-3 fatty acids such as ALA and DHA support immunity by helping to attract immune cells to the sites of injury, chronic pain and cellular damage while calming the inflammatory response. Humans manufacture only small amounts of DHA internally through the consumption of alpha-linolenic acid, an omega-3 fatty acid commonly found in hempseed, chia, flax, as well as other seeds. This amount of DHA is usually not enough to meet the demands of our nervous system, especially in a high-stress environment.

Traditionally, DHA was acquired directly from eating seafood and fish. With the onset of more seafood allergies and the problems of mercury and PCBs polluting fish, safer forms of DHA have been discovered in other foods. AFA is one of those foods.

Eyes and Sperm

DHA is a critical essential fatty acid used in the production and maintenance of healthy eyesight (retina), brain and nervous system tissue, cardiovascular “slipperiness” and sperm. Long-chain omega-3 fatty acids such as DHA make our cardiovascular system slippery. This means that calcium-forming nanobacteria (microscopic barnacles) cannot attach or begin to calcify the arteries. This helps to prevent arteriosclerosis.

A deficiency of DHA has been associated with ADD symptoms, Alzheimer’s, arthritis, autoimmune conditions, cardiovascular disease, depression, low brain serotonin levels, neuroses, postpartum depression, and skin disorders.

The therapeutic consumption of omega-3 fatty acids has been shown to improve one’s mood and cardiovascular condition. The consumption of omega-3 also inhibits the formation of breast, colon, pancreatic and prostate cancer.

Consuming AFA is Safe and Non-Toxic

Benefits of Consuming AFA Blue-Green Algae

During seasonal algal blooms in Klamath Lake, the pH of the water can reach eleven and the oxygen can drop below three parts per million, which can be deadly to fish in the immediate vicinity of the bloom. The death of the fish is not due to any toxins.

Reports that AFA contains toxic proteins have proven to be incorrect. Not only have hundreds of thousands, if not millions of individuals consumed AFA with relatively few cases of side effects, scientific research has indicated that AFA is clear of toxins and that the toxicity of other algae forms may be the source of the confusion.

Some scientists have suggested that AFA blue-green algae contains the amino-acid compound known as B-methylamino alanine (BMAA), and that this amino-acid compound could be linked to neurological problems. Subsequent test results indicated that AFA is devoid of the controversial amino-acid compound known as BMAA.

In Primordial Food, Drapeau reports “In Klamath Lake, nearly ten years of intense testing has failed to reveal the presence of any neurotoxins in its AFA. In 1998 the opinion among scientists was that AFA did not contain neurotoxins and that the original samples that had been identified as AFA were likely another species”. He goes on to cite a Wright State University study examining algae genetics that indicated the samples of algae believed to be toxic were not AFA but in fact belonged to the Anabaena genera.

As with any superfood or food, people’s metabolisms and body chemistry respond to some better than others.

History, Facts and Legends
Klamath Lake blue green algae, Aphanizomenon flos-squae (AFA) is a form of microalgae phytoplankton that differs from spirulina in that it prefers fresh water as opposed to brackish salty water. At least forty thousand species of microalgae phytoplankton have been identified. These include blue-green algae, ocean-dwelling marine phytoplankton species, seaweeds, freshwater pond algae and mosses of many colors.

The basis of life on Earth
Microalgae phytoplankton forms the basis of the food chain. Fossil evidence indicates they were very likely the first organisms to populate the Earth and are still here eons later. Some scientists believe microalgae have been on Earth for approximately 2.8 billion years.

We would die without microalgae
Microalgae produce 80 to 90 percent of the planet’s overall food and oxygen supply. Microalgae obtain their overall energy through the process of photosynthesis. It is through algae photosynthesis that the earth’s early atmosphere was converted into its present oxygen-rich state. It seems clear that algae have been the primary developers of the Earth’s atmosphere since life appeared on Earth.

Extreme survivors
Blue-green algae (of the Cyanophyta family) are extremely hardy survivors and can adapt to a wide range of light, heat, carbon dioxide levels, oxygen levels and unique aqueous physical environments. Blue-green algae are the richest sources of chlorophyll found in nature. They photosynthesize better than any other plant on Earth.

AFA is a DNA and RNA Information Repository
Blue-green algae are similar in structure to a soft bacteria with chlorophyll, phycocyanin and other pigments. Like bacteria, blue-green algae are prokaryotes because they lack a membrane-bound nucleus. Our intestinal flora easily absorb the DNA and RNA information in blue-green algae. Our intestinal bacteria and consequently our bodies, digest and connect with the eons-old information contained within blue-green algae. We use this information to improve our immune system and better adapt to changing conditions in our environment.

Aphanizomenon flos-squae (AFA) blue-green algae populates its natural habitat – a giant shallow body of water known as Klamath Lake in Oregon. At 125 square miles, Klamath Lake is the largest lake in Oregon. It is also a relatively high altitude, 4,139 feet above sea level.

AFA is nitrogen-fixing algae that draws nitrogen from the atmosphere to build world-class protein. Since the 1970’s, Klamath Lake AFA has been harvested, filtered, cleaned and dried for worldwide consumption.

Health enthusiasts all over the world have made Klamath Lake AFA blue-green algae a popular superfood. AFA is a wild-harvested food. It has a fantastic array of brain-specific phytochemicals, a huge selection of antioxidants, minerals (especially iron, zinc, selenium and magnesium) and amino acids. It is a complete protein, contains vitamins, enzymes and many unique nutrients. This blue-green algae is one of the world’s richest food sources of antioxidant compounds, including carotenoids (beta-carotene, lycopene and lutein), chlorophyll and phycocyanin.

Benefits of Consuming AFA Blue-Green Algae

We Use and Recommend Cerule StemEnhance Ultra

StemEnhance® Ultra supports the body’s natural release of stem cells.*Cerule LLC concentrates and combines extracts from freshwater microalgae (AFA and Spirulina) and marine macroalgae (undaria pinnatifida). These are Nature’s most primitive superfoods and provide ultimate stem cell support.AFA Extract is called StemEnhance. It is blended with Fucoidan and Mesenkine™to create StemEnhance Ultra. Mesenkine supports the homing of stem cells by balancing key messengers involved in stem cell function.

Plasmaflo was formulated to support healthy circulation.

 

Herbal medicine at the service of human beings!
Your health depends on the ability of your circulatory system to provide enough essential nutrients and oxygen to each part of your body, while removing harmful toxins and waste products that can lead to health problems. Good health of the circulatory system is essential to keep the whole body healthy.

plasmaflo de cerule

Christian Drapeau explains the action of Plasmaflo: click here.
PlasmaFlo ™ is an all natural supplement that helps improve your blood circulation. It consists only of ingredients found in nature and is specially designed to contribute to optimal blood circulation.
Composed of an exclusive blend of fibrinolytic enzymes, concentrated plant extracts and powerful antioxidants, it optimizes the distribution of your source of well-being.

Composition:
Enzymes
Aspergillus oryzae is a microorganism used since ancient times in the fermentation of various products, including sake and miso. When this microorganism is grown on specific nutritional sources. It produces enzymes that specifically digest fibrin.

plasmaflo

Centella asiatica

plasmaflo

Centella asiatica has been used for centuries in Chinese and Ayurvedic medicine. It is said to be the longevity secret of Chinese Li Ching-Yun, who is said to be the longest-lived human being. In Europe this plant has been used for centuries in the composition of the Vegetable Elixir of Grande-Chartreuse.


Hippophae rhamnoides

Plasmaflo of cerule



The sea buckthorn is a thorny shrub, native to the temperate zones of Europe and Asia, whose berries were already used by the healers of ancient Greece. The berries that go into the composition of PlasmaFlo come from the highlands of Tibet.

Theobroma cacao

Plasmaflo de Cerule

The cocoa bean is the seed found in the fruit of the cocoa tree. The fermentation and roasting of cocoa is necessary in order to make chocolate. However in its natural state, the cocoa bean is rich in nutrients and antioxidants.

Citrus limon

Citrus Limon

Lemon has always been recognized for its many properties, including its content of bio flavonoids and other antioxidants. Maud Grieve said: “It is likely that lemon is the most important fruit for the maintenance of health.

Olea europea

Plasmaflo de Cerule

The olive has been used since ancient times as food but also for its many biological properties. Olive is a rich source of anthocyanidins and polyphenols, including oleuropein and hydroxytyrosol.

Haermatoccus pluvialis

Haematococcus pluvialis

A derivative of ß-carotene, astaxanthin is produced by the microalga Haematococcus pluvialis. Astaxanthin is best known for its exceptional antioxidant properties.

Ginkgo biloba

Ginkgo biloba

Native to China where fossilized trees over 270 million years old have been found. Ginkgo has been used for centuries by traditional Chinese medicine for its multiple properties and as a symbol of longevity.

PlasmaFlo ™ – Bloodflow is the delivery system throughout the body. Excess fibrin and systemic inflammation prevent healthy cells in the bone marrow, vitamins / minerals and oxygen from reaching our tissues in need of repair.

PlasmaFlo ™ - Bloodflow is the delivery system throughout the body. Excess fibrin and systemic inflammation prevent healthy cells in the bone marrow, vitamins / minerals and oxygen from reaching our tissues in need of repair.

PlasmaFlo ™
Herbal medicine at the service of human beings!
Your health depends on the ability of your circulatory system to provide enough essential nutrients and oxygen to each part of your body, while removing harmful toxins and waste products that can lead to health problems. Good health of the circulatory system is essential to keep the whole body healthy.


PlasmaFlo ™ is an all natural supplement that helps improve your blood circulation. It consists only of ingredients found in nature and is specially designed to contribute to optimal blood circulation.
Composed of an exclusive blend of fibrinolytic enzymes, concentrated plant extracts and powerful antioxidants, it optimizes the distribution of your source of well-being.

Plasmaflo of cerule
Blood vessel sliced macro with erythrocytes , Medically accurate 3D illustration

It also provides nutrition that helps prevent fibrin formation, fight oxidative stress and vascular inflammation. Cleansing fibrin allows unobstructed blood flow allowing healthy cells in the bone marrow to reach their destination.

The fundamental role of stem cells in the body

 

Definition of a stem cell.


Stem cells are cells that have the unique ability to multiply and transform – differentiate themselves – into other types of cells. All other types of cells in the body are so-called somatic and differentiated cells, because they each have a definite and precise role to play and can not be transformed. Some examples, the role of a cardiac cell is to contract. The role of a pancreatic cell is to produce insulin. A taste cell identifies the flavors present in food. An intestinal cell absorbs nutrients so that they are available in the tissues. Stem cells are mainly located in the bone marrow and have no other role than to transform into other types of cells.

 Stem cells are cells that have the unique ability to multiply and transform - differentiate themselves - into other types of cells. All other types of cells in the body are so-called somatic and differentiated cells, because they each have a definite and precise role to play and can not be transformed. Some examples, the role of a cardiac cell is to contract. The role of a pancreatic cell is to produce insulin. A taste cell identifies the flavors present in food. An intestinal cell absorbs nutrients so that they are available in the tissues. Stem cells are mainly located in the bone marrow and have no other role than to transform into other types of cells.

The natural role of stem cells.


In the early 2000s, researchers had observed that blood stem cells had the ability to migrate to the brain and become brain cells (Mezey E. et al., 2000). At the same time, similar observations emerged, revealing that blood stem cells also had the ability to migrate to the heart and become cardiac cells (Orlic D. et al., 2001) or at the level of the liver to become hepatic cells (Jang YY et al., 2004). The traditional science of adult stem cells admitted at the time that bone marrow stem cells had the ability to transform themselves into blood cells strictly, being the precursors of red blood cells, white blood cells and platelets. The common idea was that they did not have the capacity to transform themselves into other cell types. So these observations were innovative and contradictory to the knowledge of the time. Based on these and other available data at the time, the published hypothesis (Jensen G and Drapeau C, 2002) was that bone marrow stem cells could be transformed into virtually any cell in the body. body and therefore constituted the natural system of repair of the human body (Figure 1). This hypothesis has become over the years, thanks to several hundred published articles strongly supporting this hypothesis, an established fact (for review, Drapeau C., 2010, Drapeau C. et al., 2012).

Figure 1: Bone marrow stem cells can be transformed into virtually any cell in the body. They constitute the natural system of repair of the human body.

Figure 1: Figure 1: Bone marrow stem cells can be transformed into virtually any cell in the body. They constitute the natural system of repair of the human body.

Our natural body repair system: how does it work?

Whenever a tissue injury or injury occurs, it will release a first set of specific compounds, such as G-CSF *. These « signal » help molecules will circulate to migrate to the bone marrow and then trigger the release of stem cells from the bone marrow (Figure 2). During the next few days, a significant increase in the number of circulating stem cells can be observed. These stem cells that are circulating in the blood do not know which tissue has used this assistance (Figure 2). To be able to identify the tissue to which they must migrate, the affected tissue, a few days after the incident, will release a second generation of compounds, such as SDF-1 **. This guide molecule will attract and guide the stem cells locally to the tissue in need. When they circulate in the thin vessels of the affected tissue, in contact with these guiding molecules, the stem cells will migrate into the affected tissue and in contact with cellular debris, they will multiply and transform into cells of the local tissue (Figure 2). It is through this mechanism that stem cells constitute the natural repair system of the human body (Drapeau C. et al., 2012).

Stem cells thus meet the criteria for defining a system. A system of the human body:

  1. Is formed of tissues or organs
  2. Specific cell compound
  3. Which act on other tissues and organs
  4. Via a specific signaling / mechanism of action
  5. In order to promote a good state of health and the survival of the whole organism.

The natural system of repair of the human body is composed of specific cells, adult stem cells, mainly from the bone marrow, which act on other tissues by being mobilized by specific compounds (Leone et al., 2006), and migrating through the injured tissue, guided by a second generation of specific compound (Swenson et al., 2008), then multiplying and differentiating into local tissue. This repair mechanism allows the renewal of the tissues and organs of the body, in order to maintain the health of the whole organism. * G-CSF: Granulocyte Colony-Stimulating Factor ** SDF-1: Stromal Cell-Derived Factor -1

Figure 2: The different steps that allow the stem cells to repair the tissues in need. Following an injury, the injured tissue releases compounds that trigger the release of bone marrow stem cells, which circulate in the blood to distribute to tissue following guiding molecules produced by the injured tissue. The stem cell will migrate into the tissue, multiply and then differentiate into local tissue.

Increase the number of circulating stem cells, a new therapeutic approach.


The aspect that has been studied most is the number of circulating stem cells. At equal injury, individuals with more circulating stem cells have better demonstrated ability to repair, for example, following a stroke or a lower frequency of cardiovascular events (Werner et al., 2005, Tsai et al. 2014). Indeed, having more stem cells in circulation means having more stem cells available for tissue repair. As a result of these observations, the collection of stem cells from a patient and reinjection of these cells started. The goal is to increase the number of circulating stem cells. After isolating stem cells from different sources, they are multiplied in the laboratory and then reinjected into the patient. Another more physiological approach is to increase the release of our own stem cells, called bone marrow stem cell mobilization. By increasing the number of circulating stem cells, the ability of these different tissues to repair themselves is optimized. The evaluation of this approach has resulted in the publication of hundreds of scientific articles revealing the benefit of increasing the number of circulating stem cells in the tissue repair process. These observations were made on a variety of organs, such as the heart (Leone et al., 2006, Orlic et al., 2001), or the pancreas (Voltarelli et al., 2007); (Drapeau et al. magazine, 2012).

Stem cells are responsible for daily tissue renewal.


Through these studies, it is essential to note this observation. The repair process, that is to say the one previously described namely, an affected tissue involving the release of stem cells which are then guided to the tissue to repair it, this phenomenon takes place every day in more quantity. low in the absence of injury, to renew the tissues. Indeed, each organ and tissue is renewed at different speeds. For example, the bowel is renewed in 3-5 days, the pancreas and the heart in several years. Thus every day, due to cellular aging and many factors, damaged, damaged cells need to be replaced by new cells. This renewal is also performed by stem cells that are released daily from the bone marrow and circulate in the blood, migrating to the tissue as needed.

Towards a new definition of « maintaining health »


This new function of stem cells thus generates a new definition of health maintenance. This would be in part a balance between two phenomena that occur continuously in our body, the daily loss of cells of a tissue, in parallel with its renewal. To maintain the tissues, cell replacement must occur at the same rate as cell loss (Figure 3: Case 1). If cell loss is faster or more important than tissue turnover, tissue degeneration and progressive loss of function take place, leading to the onset of disease (Figure 3: Case 2). For example, a loss of cells in the pancreas will progressively lead to insufficient insulin production that will no longer regulate blood sugar, that is to say, the level of sugar in the blood, leading to the appearance of a diabetes =

StemEnhance Ultra of Cerule

StemEnhance Ultra of Cerule

StemEnhance Ultra is composed of concentrates and extracts of primitive natural « superfoods ». A unique combination of freshwater microalgae and marine macroalgae. StemEnhance Ultra is the result of years of identifying, researching, and extracting compounds through the use of proprietary and patented technologies. The blend of StemEnhance and fucoidane offers a unique synergy that is enhanced by Mesenkine ™. An unprecedented extract of spirulina isolated through our patented extraction process.StemEnhance Ultra is the result of more than 18 years of research and is the most effective and scientifically validated wellness product on the market today.

What are the ingredients in StemEnhance Ultra?

►Aphanizomenon flos-aquae (AFA) is a blue-green algae that grows naturally in Klamath Lake in southern Oregon. The blue-green alga is the first source of life on earth and therefore symbolizes durability and longevity. It provides the body with a full range of micronutrients and nutraceutical compounds. Cerule uses an extract from the intracellular portion of AFA. That is, by a centrifugation and filtration process, to produce the StemEnhance.

►Arthrospira platensis, also known as spirulina, is just like AFA a blue-green algae. It provides a diverse range of micronutrients and specific compounds including a low molecular weight yellow compound. Ongoing research has revealed that this compound would help mobilize the source of wellbeing.

►Undaria pinnatifida is known in Japanese cuisine as wakame. Undaria pinnatifida is a brown seaweed commonly known as sea fern. Although it grows in many parts of the world, the wakame used in StemEnhance Ultra comes from the Patagonian and Tasmanian seas known for the purity of their waters. Cerule uses more than 85% purified fucoidan.

StemEnhance Ultra is composed of concentrates and extracts of primitive natural "superfoods"

CHARACTERISTICS AND BENEFITS


AFA is a green blue algae of the cyanobacteria family. It grows naturally in Klamath Lake in southern Oregon. In the heart of a volcanic region and a preserved natural park. Klamath Lake is a unique ecosystem rich in sediments and minerals, conducive to the growth of algae. It offers a full range of macronutrients and micronutrients (Pietri A. M., 2011). Indeed, it is composed of more than 50% of proteins, and about 8% of fibers for example. It is also rich in micronutrients.

AFA is a green blue algae of the cyanobacteria family. It grows naturally in Klamath Lake in southern Oregon. In the heart of a volcanic region and a preserved natural park.
The Klamath algae (AFA)

It is source of:


20 amino acids including 10 essential, characterized by an ideal profile given the recommended daily intake.
60 minerals and trace elements, especially it is distinguished by its high calcium (6mglg), and iron (0.32mg / g).
14 vitamins, including vitamins B1, B2, B12 especially.
It also provides multiple antioxidants such as carotenoids, lycopene, and chlorophyll and also contains PhenylEthylAmine (PEA). This molecule is naturally produced by the body in case of positive emotions. Finally, StemEnhance is clinically tested to mobilize your source of blien-être (Jensen et al., 2007). The mechanism of action of the extract enriched specifically in active molecules has been the subject of several publications and patents.

Wakame, Undaria pinnatifida, is a very popular seaweed in Japan, China and Korea for its culinary and medicinal attractions. This brown seaweed is picked in winter and spring, and enjoys the cool waters of the Atlantic Ocean. This alga contains a lot of fatty acids such as omega-3 that helps promote good cholesterol and cardiovascular health. Vitamin A, B1, B2, B3, B6, B12, C, sodium, iron, calcium, thiamine, proteins, trace elements (iodine) are also found. Wakame is a powerful antioxidant thanks to the fucoxanthin it contains. It is a carotenoid pigment giving wakame its brownish color. It also controls the process of photosynthesis, transforming light into energy. These antioxidant effects make it an ally against cancer, degeneration of the skin and hair, and an asset for health.

Wakame, Undaria pinnatifida, is a very popular seaweed in Japan, China and Korea for its culinary and medicinal attractions.
The wakamé

Adhrospira platensis, also known as spirulina, belongs, like the AFA, to the blue-green microalgae category. It grows in different sunny regions of the world such as the United States, Greece, Spain, Japan and India (Karkos et al., 2011). It brings a varied range of chewing and micronutrients. Its nutritional richness in proteins and vitamins has been used traditionally for more than 10 years as a supplementation throughout the world. It is also rich in certain polyunsaturated fatty acids, and in antioxidants like certain phenolic compounds (Finamore et al., 2017). Spirulina is traditionally known for its immunostimulant effect due to the presence of several polysaccharides. The latter stimulate certain types of immune cells, particularly macrophages and NK (Natural Killer) cells, which constitute the first line of defense of the immune system (Wu et al., 20’16). A low molecular weight yellow compound named Mesenkine has been discovered and its extraction and fabrication process has been patented by Cerule. Ongoing research has revealed that this compound would help mobilize your source of wellbeing.

Adhrospira platensis, also known as spirulina, belongs, like the AFA, to the blue-green microalgae category. It grows in different sunny regions of the world such as the United States, Greece, Spain, Japan and India (Karkos et al., 2011).
Arthrospira platensis or spirulina

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